Cosine and Cotangent Similarity Measures Based on Choquet Integral for Spherical Fuzzy Sets and Applications to Pattern Recognition
Keywords:spherical fuzzy set, cosine and cotangent similarity measure, fuzzy measure, Choquet integral, pattern recognition
The notion of trigonometric similarity measure (SM) for spherical fuzzy sets (SFSs) has become very important in solving various problems in pattern recognition and medical diagnosis. This study proposes some trigonometric SMs with the help of Choquet integral for SFSs. The proposed trigonometric SMs clearly satisfy the axiomatic definition of classical SMs. We also perform these SMs in pattern recognition problems to examine a comparative analysis of the proposed trigonometric SMs with some existing SMs. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient is utilized to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed SMs.