Proportion Estimation and Multi-Class Classification of Abnormal Brain Cells




BRATS, convolutional neural network, ResNet, segmentation, U-Net


Vagueness in the determination of the tumor size creates significant hindrances in planning and quantitatively assessing brain tumor (BT) treatments. Non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a primary non-ionizing radiation diagnostic tool for brain cancers. It takes a long time to manually segment the extent of a BT from 3D MRI volumes, and the performance heavily depends on the operator’s skill. A precise and automated BT segmentation tool is needed desperately. In this case, an accurate assessment of the tumor’s extent requires a reliable automated segmentation method for the BT. The multimodal BT image segmentation (BRATS 2020) dataset is used in this paper to demonstrate an automated deep convolutional network, or U-Net, method for BT segmentation. Deep learning and transfer learning are utilized to improve the accuracy and effectiveness in detecting and recognizing different types of brain cancers. The unobserved images’ F1 scores were 98% and 99%, respectively.


Received: 4 September 2023 | Revised: 4 February 2024 | Accepted: 27 February 2024


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.


Data Availability Statement

The data that support this work are available upon reasonable request to the corresponding author. The dataset analyzed for another part of the study can be found in the BraTS 2020. 




How to Cite

Joshi, M., & Singh, B. K. (2024). Proportion Estimation and Multi-Class Classification of Abnormal Brain Cells. Medinformatics, 1(2), 79–90.



Research Articles