Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Package Deliveries: Sustainable Decision-Making for the Academic Institutions
Keywords:life cycle assessment, environmental impacts, packaging box, carbon emission, corrugated cardboard box
Due to globalization, digitalization, and competition, the number and frequency of customer requests have grown quickly over the past few years in the fast-growing commercial trade. With this steady growth, express deliveries have become one of the most important things to study and research in order to lower costs and meet more customer orders. This study uses lifecycle assessment (LCA) to analyze the environmental footprints of current delivery packaging materials, mainly comprising corrugated cardboard boxes and polystyrene foam that arrives at the University of Regina central receiving and also suggests viable alternatives to reduce the lifecycle environmental impact. The study's objective is to identify the stages that contribute the most to environmental emissions and suggest viable alternatives to reduce the lifecycle environmental impact. We sourced packaging material data from GaBi Education Database 2020 and obtained other product-specific data from published LCAs for consistency. The current study on packaging materials analysis in the base scenario revealed that the cradle-to-grave polystyrene packaging material has the highest environmental impact. These results have significant implications for decision-makers in identifying sustainable packaging materials for long-term use and for stakeholders in comprehending environmental impacts.
Received: 2 March 2023 | Revised: 25 May 2023 | Accepted: 9 June 2023
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.
Data Availability Statement
Data is available on request from the authors.
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