Coordination of the Development of Renewable Energy and Small Business as a Mechanism for Ensuring the Sustainable Development of Russia
Keywords:system analysis, renewable energy sources, small and medium business, synergy effect, structural stability
The article deals with the development of renewable energy in Russia, taking into account the coordination of this sector with small and medium-sized businesses. The aim of the study is to theoretically substantiate the strategy for the transition to renewable energy based on small and medium-sized businesses and to develop practical recommendations using the example of solar energy in Russia. The methodological basis of the article is the general organizational science of tectology A.A. Bogdanov, which was subsequently developed in the general theory of systems by L. von Bertalanffy. On the basis of a system analysis of a transformable energy complex, the authors carried out a theoretical justification for the emergence of synergy as a result of the involvement of small and medium-sized businesses in the development of renewable energy. It is shown that the formation of new links between small and medium-sized businesses and renewable energy has a positive effect, consisting in diversifying the country's fuel and energy balance and reducing the negative anthropogenic impact on nature without increasing electricity prices for end consumers. Using the example of installing solar panels on the vertical enclosing surfaces of buildings and structures with the involvement of small and medium-sized businesses, the reserves currently not fully used for the development of solar energy, mainly in the northern and eastern regions of Russia, without withdrawing territories from economic circulation, have been identified. The information base of the study is the data of the International Energy Agency, IRENA, and the Photovoltaic Geographical Information System. A graphical method was used to determine the feasibility of installing solar panels in different regions, taking into account seasonal fluctuations in the intensity of insolation, as well as the dependence of the coefficient of conversion of sunlight energy into electricity on temperature and snow cover albedo. The results of the study can be recommended for countries with similar natural and environmental conditions to Russia.
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