A Review on Recent Achievements and Challenges in Electrochemical Machining of Tungsten Carbide


  • Mohammed Asmael School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Queen's University Belfast, UK
  • Amin Memarzadeh Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University, Türkiye




electrochemical machining, electrochemical shaping, manufacturing, tungsten carbide, anodic dissolution, electrolytes


Electrochemical machining (ECM) is a modern, unconventional manufacturing technique that uses the electrochemical dissolution of metal to produce pieces with a predetermined shape, dimensions, and surface polish. Tungsten carbide (WC) is used in many fields and applications due to its high wear resistance and hardness. WC is used in cutting tools, mining and drilling equipment, wear parts, industrial machinery, aerospace and defence components, and medical equipment. It gives a workpiece a particular shape and number of boreholes, removes a damaged outer coat, and eliminates surface roughness. Though the ECM of WC is fraught with difficulties and obstacles, altering the electrolytes and refining the technological equipment and process of the ECM of WC can help improve machining accuracy and stability. In the current study, we examined the ECM of WC and compiled a reliable database from reliable sources using the keywords "electrochemical machining" and "tungsten carbide". Research papers constitute the majority of these publications. It was discussed how WC behaves anodically as it applies to ECM, which experiments were conducted with various electrolytes, and how they performed. Several ECM modes have been considered, and each mode has been evaluated in detail for challenges and gaps.


Received: 30 March 2023 | Revised: 20 April 2023 | Accepted: 9 May 2023


Conflicts of Interest

Mohammed Asmael is the Associate Editor for Archives of Advanced Engineering Science, and was not involved in the editorial review or the decision to publish this article. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.


Data Availability Statement

Data sharing is not applicable to this article as no new data were created or analyzed in this study.




How to Cite

Asmael, M., & Memarzadeh, A. (2023). A Review on Recent Achievements and Challenges in Electrochemical Machining of Tungsten Carbide. Archives of Advanced Engineering Science, 2(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.47852/bonviewAAES3202915