Refinery Off-Gas as Feed to a Hydrogen Production Facility: Performance Lifting of the Steam Reforming Technique

Authors

  • Abba Ibrahim Zannah Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  • Issam Ferhoune Department of Process Engineering, University of Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2932-3626
  • Abdulhalim Musa Abubakar Department of Chemical Engineering, Modibbo Adama University, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1304-3515
  • Abbas Mohamed Al-Khudafi Department of Petroleum Engineering, Hadhramout University, Yemen
  • Abigail Ambi Bitrus Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  • Wadzani Danladi Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  • Abdulghaffaar Assayyidi Yusuf Department of Sciences, National Institute of Construction Technology and Management, Nigeria
  • Alfitouri Ibrahim Jellah Oil and Gas Engineering Department, Bani Waleed University, Libya https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2057-6117
  • Martin Stojchevski Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9389-0839

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47852/bonviewAAES32021060

Keywords:

hydrogen production, synthesis gas, petroleum refining, steam reforming, refinery off-gas, light hydrocarbons

Abstract

Refinery off-gas is one of the major causes of air pollution, where its reuse, through channeling into other plant setups to recover some of its constituent gases (via a steam reforming technique), is described as one of its best handling measures. A nominal off-gas containing 2.898% hydrogen (H2), 83.794% methane, 1.505% carbon dioxide, 1.103% nitrogen, 10.6% sulfur and 0.1% argon was fed to a plant to produce 37.52 kg of H2. To lift the performance of the multiple interconnected process units enhancing the generation of H2, temperature and pressure in the reactors were manipulated against the heat duty and H2 yield, where it was found that the two dependent variables are sensitive to changes made during Aspen Plus sensitivity analysis. Replacing some process units also shows significant improvement in the recovery of H2 gas. Adequate control of the synthesis process as exemplified in this work, will lead to smooth realization of the target end-product which is of high economic value; basically, looking at its potential for the manufacture of other useful materials it is already known for.

 

Received: 10 May 2023 | Revised: 16 June 2023 | Accepted: 30 June 2023

 

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.

 

Data Availability Statement

The data that supports the findings of this study is openly available with zannahabba154@gmail.com, and would be shared upon request via email.


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Published

2023-07-07

How to Cite

Zannah, A. I., Ferhoune, I., Abubakar, A. M., Al-Khudafi, A. M., Bitrus, A. A., Danladi, W., Yusuf, A. A., Jellah, A. I., & Stojchevski, M. (2023). Refinery Off-Gas as Feed to a Hydrogen Production Facility: Performance Lifting of the Steam Reforming Technique. Archives of Advanced Engineering Science, 2(1), 53–63. https://doi.org/10.47852/bonviewAAES32021060

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Articles