Study on Nowcasting Method of Severe Convective Weather Based on SA-PredRNN++


  • Qiongying Xue School of Software, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
  • Fei Fang NUIST Reading Academy, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China



severe convective weather, deep learning, radar echo extrapolation, predictive recurrent neural network


Severe convective weather, characterized by short-term intense precipitation, thunderstorms, and strong winds, poses significant threats to human life and property. Therefore, accurate and efficient prediction of severe convective weather is crucial for disaster prevention. Currently, utilizing deep learning for radar echo extrapolation stands as the primary method for forecasting severe convective weather. We propose a predictive recurrent neural network model that integrates a self-attention mechanism, specifically designed for radar echo extrapolation in severe convective weather forecasting. The self-attention mechanism offers the advantage of being lightweight, as it does not substantially increase the model parameters. Additionally, it facilitates global attention extraction, thereby enhancing the model's accuracy to some extent. By utilizing radar echo images from the previous hour as input, the model undergoes self-learning to achieve the best forecast for radar echo extrapolation in the subsequent two hours. Research findings demonstrate that our model outperforms other models in accurately predicting severe convective weather within this two-hour timeframe.


Received: 30 November 2023| Revised: 19 April 2024 | Accepted: 16 May 2024


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.


Data Availability Statement

The data used in this study is a competition dataset, which is not an open source at this time. It is available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.




How to Cite

Xue, Q. ., & Fang, F. (2024). Study on Nowcasting Method of Severe Convective Weather Based on SA-PredRNN++. Journal of Data Science and Intelligent Systems.



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