Evaluating Economic Impacts of Automation Using Big Data Approaches


  • Omid M. Ardakani Parker College of Business, Georgia Southern University, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0486-3359
  • Mariana Saenz Parker College of Business, Georgia Southern University, USA




automation, economic outcomes, forecast accuracy, sampling distribution, stochastic ordering


As automation is increasingly driven by advanced technological integration, quantitatively evaluating its economic impacts becomes crucial. This paper studies the effects of automation on three economic outcomes: transactions, sales, and costs. First, we use big data approaches to distinguish transaction distribution patterns across various temporal segments. These methods employ survival and mean residual functions to cluster transaction distributions and customer traffic data over time. Empirical evidence provides distinct clusters, distinguishing high and low customer traffic. Second, we illustrate how automation can lead to higher forecast accuracy in sales. This approach utilizes stochastic error distance for comparing forecast error distribution functions. Lastly, we study the impact of automation on costs through a probabilistic model. The results suggest that while labor costs increase due to retraining and longer hours, a potential reduction in turnover and waste costs can offset these rises. The impacts of automation and the applicability of methods are demonstrated through Monte Carlo simulations and empirical studies.


Received: 22 August 2023 | Revised: 19 September 2023 | Accepted: 11 October 2023


Conflicts of Interest:

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.


Data Availability Statement

The data utilized in this research originate from a consultancy agreement with a private firm. Due to confidentiality commitments, the data cannot be made publicly available. In the interest of maintaining proprietary and strategic advantages, the firm has opted to keep the data private. However, all relevant methodologies and analyses employed in this study are provided to ensure the replicability of the research with similar datasets.




How to Cite

Ardakani, O. M., & Saenz, M. (2023). Evaluating Economic Impacts of Automation Using Big Data Approaches. Journal of Data Science and Intelligent Systems, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.47852/bonviewJDSIS32021569



Research Articles